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World TB Day 2022

Each year, we recognize World TB Day on March 24. This annual event commemorates the date in 1882 when Dr.Robert Koch announced his discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacillus that causes tuberculosis (TB),this year’s theme: invest to end TB and save lives highlights the economic burden of TB in countries affected andpushes for investment of resources among all to help end TB.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects respiration. Mycobacterium bacilli,the bacteria that causes tuberculosis spreads from person to person through tiny droplets released into the airwhen someone coughs and/or sneezes.

Diagnosis

Tuberculosis (TB) can be diagnosed using series of test, whilesome act as a screening test, others offer a definitive diagnosis ofTuberculosis. Screening test include

  1. MANTOUX TUBERCLIN SKIN TEST:
    This is recommended for people who have not been vaccinated against Tuberculosis or have previous exposure to it as it may read false positive in them due to cross- reactivity.
  2. INTERFERON GAMMA TEST:
    This Is best used as a screening test for those who have been previously vaccinated for TB

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